Body Mass Index

University of Zurich Study

Body Mass Index(BMI) – Better Predictor of Cardiovascular Disease than serum Cholesterol

Published in Archives of Internal Medicine

University of Zurich did study on 17,791 men and women who participated in community health promotion initiative, 31.2 years follow-up. Within the study period 2,170 men 1,761 women died, 749 the former and 630 the later died of cardiovascular disease.

The researchers calculated 10 year models of fatal CVD using cholesterol or BMI, they found out that BMI better discriminate risk than cholesterol.

Formula for BODY MASS INDEX :

WEIGHT (Kg)  /  Height (m)2      =  ____ (Normal 18.5 – 24.5)

Danish Research

In another new large study, the first to show a direct link between a high body-mass index and the risk of developing heart disease, British and Danish researchers say.

Body-mass index (BMI) is a measurement based on height and weight. People with a BMI of 18.5 to 24.9 are normal weight while those with a BMI of 30 or more are obese. Those in between are deemed overweight.

For the study, the researchers analyzed data from more than 75,000 people in Copenhagen and found that those with a high BMI had a 26 percent increased risk of developing heart disease. Further analysis using genetic and other data showed that a BMI increase of 4 points increases the risk of heart disease by no less than 52 percent.

“By doing epidemiological studies combined with genetic analysis, we have been able to show in a group of nearly 76,000 persons that a high BMI is enough in itself to damage the heart,” Borge Nordestgaard, chief physician at Copenhagen University Hospital, said in a university news release.

The study was published May 1 in the journal PLoS Medicine.