Without oxygen, we will die within minutes. Oxygen is a gift from God.
Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy is a medical treatment that uses the administration of 100 percent oxygen at a controlled pressure (greater than sea level) for a prescribed amount of time—usually 60 to 90 minutes.
The atmospheric pressure of sea level is 760 mmHg and the pressure is also referred to 1 ATA (atmosphere absolute). Inside HBO chamber pressure is increasing to 2 or 3 ATA (atmosphere absolute)
The air we normally breathe contains 21 percent oxygen, 78 percent nitrogen, and 1 percent carbon dioxide and all other gases.
Under normal wound healing conditions, when a wound fails to receive enough oxygen, the body cannot complete the wound healing process.
These wounds are called chronic wounds (wounds that do not heal in six to eight weeks despite traditional treatment) and can make a person susceptible to pain, infection, disability and, even worse, possible amputation of the infected limb.
The increase in pressure inside the chamber leads to oxygen dissolve in our body fluid (65-70% of our body weight is fluid) 15 – 20 times higher concentration and without the need to be carried by hemoglobin inside red blood cell.
The oxygen will diffuse to oxygen-deprived area like a wound, cerebrospinal fluid, lymphatic and spinal cord.
This increase in oxygen under controlled pressure means that oxygen can reach bone and tissue that is normally not accessible to red blood cells. Oxygen gas dissolve in our body fluid like gas dissolve in Coca-cola…or Pepsi.
HBO therapy is approved by the American Medical Association (AMA) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of many conditions including burns, diabetic ulcers, and carbon monoxide poisoning.
What are the benefits of HBOT?
It has long been known that healing many areas of the body cannot take place without appropriate oxygen levels in the tissue. Most illnesses and injuries occur and often linger, at the cellular or tissue level.
In many cases, such as circulatory problems; non-healing wounds; and strokes, adequate oxygen cannot reach the damaged area and the body's natural healing ability is unable to function properly. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy provides this extra oxygen naturally and with minimal side effects.
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy improves the quality of life of the patient in many areas when standard medicine is not working. Many conditions such as stroke, cerebral palsy, head injuries, and chronic fatigue have responded favorably to HBOT.
How does hyperbaric oxygen help a child with cerebral palsy (CP) or traumatic brain injury (TBI)?
In CP and TBI patients, some of the injured brain tissues may be "dormant" and non-functioning. HBOT can stimulate these "dormant" tissues and return them to more normal function. In young children, cognitive function and spasticity can be improved.
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy, used in conjunction with other therapies, ensures the best recovery possible for children with cerebral palsy and traumatic brain injury.
Types of Hyperbaric Oxygen Chamber
There are basically two types of chambers: monoplace and multiplace.
Monoplace chambers are designed to treat a single person pressurized with 100% oxygen.
Multiplace chambers are designed to hold several people at one time and oxygen is delivered through a mask or a hood.
How Is Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Administered in IEMC?
Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy at IEMC is administered through the use of a mono-place chamber. The mono-place chamber accommodates a single person for each treatment.
Patients are in constant view during the session. Communication with the attending nurse will be done via an intercom if needed.
The effects of hyperbaric oxygen therapy are as follows:
- Relief oxygen starvation
- Improve micro circulation
- promote the growth of new blood vessels
- decreases and reverse swelling and inflammation
- deactivates toxins
- enhance white blood cell activities
- increase the body's ability to fight infections
- enhance the effect of antibiotics
- Stimulates fibroblast and osteoblast proliferation
- clears out toxins and metabolic waste products
- Increase collagen synthesis
- and improve the rate of healing
Is Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Safe?
Yes. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is an evidence-based treatment used to speed up the healing process in certain types of wounds.
It is a painless, non-invasive treatment that is proven to heal and regenerate damaged tissues while reducing the risk for amputation.
Like any medical treatment, however, potential side effects may occur. These risks are rare and will be discussed with you.