Clinical studies

  • Predictors of benefit in angina patients one year after completing counterpulsation: initial responders to treatment versus nonresponders. – Lawson WE, Hui JC, Kennard ED, Barsness G, Kelsey SF; IEPR investigators.
  • An update on enhanced external counterpulsation.  – Shea ML, Conti CR, Arora RR. Clinical Cardiology. 2005 Mar;28(3):115-8. Review.
  • Enhanced external counterpulsation: a new technique to augment renal function in liver cirrhosis. – Werner D, Tragner P, Wawer A, Porst H, Daniel WG, Gross P. Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation. 2005 May;20(5):920-6. Epub 2005 Mar 23.
  • Enhanced External Counterpulsation. – Brosche TA, Middleton SK, Boogaard RG. Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing. 2005 September/October;23(5):208-214.
  • Enhanced external counter pulsation (ECP) as a novel treatment for restless legs syndrome (RLS): a preliminary test of the vascular neurologic hypothesis for RLS. – Rajaram SS, Shanahan J, Ash C, Walters AS, Weisfogel G. Sleep Medicine. 2005 Mar;6(2):101-6. Epub 2005 Jan 24.
  • Angina patients with diastolic versus systolic heart failure demonstrate comparable immediate and one-year benefit from enhanced external counterpulsation. – Lawson WE, Silver MA, Hui JC, Kennard ED, Kelsey SF. Journal of Cardiac Failure. 2005 Feb;11(1):61-6.
  • Frequency and efficacy of repeat enhanced external counterpulsation for stable angina pectoris (from the International ECP Patient Registry). – Michaels AD, Barsness GW, Soran O, Kelsey SF, Kennard ED, Hui JC, Lawson WE; International ECP Patient Registry Investigators. American Journal of Cardiology. 2005 Feb 1;95(3):394-7.
  • Effects of enhanced external counterpulsation on hemodynamics and its mechanism. – # Taguchi I, Ogawa K, Kanaya T, Matsuda R, Kuga H, Nakatsugawa M. # Circulation Journal. 2004 Nov;68(11):1030-4.
  • Effectiveness of enhanced external counterpulsation in patients with left main disease and angina. – Lawson WE, Hui JC, Barsness GW, Kennard ED, Kelsey SF; IEPR Investigators. Clinical Cardiology. 2004 Aug;27(8):459-63.
  • Accelerated reperfusion of poorly perfused retinal areas in central retinal artery occlusion and branch retinal artery occlusion after a short treatment with enhanced external counterpulsation. – Werner D, Michalk F, Harazny J, Hugo C, Daniel WG, Michelson G. Retina. 2004 Aug;24(4):541-7.
  • Enhanced external counterpulsation improves skin oxygenation and perfusion. – Hilz MJ, Werner D, Marthol H, Flachskampf FA, Daniel WG. European Journal of Clinical Investigations. 2004 Jun;34(6):385-91.
  • Successful treatment of symptomatic coronary endothelial dysfunction with enhanced external counterpulsation. – Bonetti PO, Gadasalli SN, Lerman A, Barsness GW. Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 2004 May;79(5):690-2.
  • Two-year outcomes after enhanced external counterpulsation for stable angina pectoris (from the International ECP Patient Registry [IEPR]). – Michaels AD, Linnemeier G, Soran O, Kelsey SF, Kennard ED. American Journal of Cardiology. 2004 Feb 15;93(4):461-4.
  • A New Treatment Modality in Heart Failure Enhanced External Counterpulsation (ECP) – Soran O. Cardiology in Review. 2004 Jan-Feb;12(1):15-20.
  • Enhanced External Counterpulsation as Initial Revascularization Treatment for Angina Refractory to Medical Therapy – Fitzgerald CP, Lawson WE, Hui JC, Kennard ED; IEPR Investigators. Cardiology. 2003;100(3):129-35.
  • Enhanced External Counterpulsation and Functional Improvement in Octogenarians with Symptomatic Ischemic Heart Disease – Braverman D, Wechsler B. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2003 Sept;84(9):A10.
  • Enhanced External Counterpulsation in the Management of Angina in the Elderly – Linnemeier G, Michaels AD, Soran O, Kennard ED; International ECP Registry (IEPR) Investigators. American Journal of Geriatric Cardiology. 2003 Mar-Apr;12(2):90-6.
  • Ongoing and Planned Studies of Enhanced External Counterpulsation – Conti CR. Clinical Cardiology. 2002 Dec;25(12 Suppl 2):II26-28.
  • Treatment Options for Angina Pectoris and the Future Role of Enhanced External Counterpulsation – Holmes DR Jr. Clinical Cardiology. 2002 Dec;25(12 Suppl 2):II22-25.
  • Current Use of Enhanced External Counterpulsation and Patient Selection – Lawson WE. Clinical Cardiology. 2002 Dec;25(12 Suppl 2):II16-21.
  • Enhanced External Counterpulsation: Mechanism of Action – Feldman AM. Clinical Cardiology. 2002 Dec;25(12 Suppl 2):II11-15.
  • A Review of Enhanced External Counterpulsation Clinical Trials – Beller GA. Clinical Cardiology. 2002 Dec;25(12 Suppl 2):II6-10.
  • A Historical Overview of Enhanced External Counterpulsation – DeMaria AN. # Clinical Cardiology. 2002 Dec;25(12 Suppl 2):II3-5.
  • Enhanced External Counterpulsation as Treatment for Chronic Angina in Patients with Left Ventricular Dysfunction: A Report from the International ECP Patient Registry (IEPR) – Soran O, Kennard ED, Kelsey SF, Holubkov R, Strobeck J, Feldman AM. Congestive Heart Failure. 2002 Nov-Dec;8(6):297-302.
  • Left Ventricular Systolic Unloading and Augmentation of Intracoronary Pressure and Doppler Flow During Enhanced External Counterpulsation – Michaels AD, Accad M, Ports TA, Grossman W. Circulation. 2002 Sep 3;106(10):1237-1242.
  • Enhanced External Counterpulsation in Patients with Heart Failure: A Multicenter Feasibility Study – Soran O, Fleishman B, Demarco T, Grossman W, Schneider VM, Manzo K, de Lame PA, Feldman AM. Congestive Heart Failure. 2002 Jul-Aug;8(4)204-8, 227.
  • Relation of the Pattern of Diastolic Augmentation During a Course of Enhanced External Counterpulsation (ECP) to Clinical Benefit [from the International ECP Patient Registry (IEPR)] – Lakshmi MV, Kennard ED, Kelsey SF, Holubkov R, Michaels AD. American Journal of Cardiology. 2002 Jun 1;89(11):1303-1305.


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